How to install a spare tire
Getting a puncture is one of the many car problems that can strike without warning at any time of the day or night . Even if you are sure that you have nothing to fear in the event of a puncture, since you have a spare wheel, damage to the wheel in any case will interrupt your movement on the road and take a lot of trouble. The worst thing is that if you have a spare wheel , you will not be able to change it for a damaged wheel if you don’t know how to do it. In this case, you will have to call the help desk or tow truck , which will cost a considerable amount. Maybe it's better to learn how to change the wheels on the car?
Having learned to change wheels , you can not only save time, but significantly reduce your assistance costs. Our online edition offers you a guide, through which you will learn that it is not really difficult to change a damaged wheel by yourself for a spare one.
But before we tell you how to do this, here are some precautions you should follow when changing wheels.
- Keep the spare tire in proper condition . If you puncture a tire and your spare wheel is not in a suitable form for installation, this will bring unnecessary problems. Therefore, remember the spare wheel must necessarily be in good condition. When checking tire pressures, do not forget to check the pressure in the spare tire too.
- Remember that you must do this at least once a month. In addition, checking the condition of the wheels on the car, do not deprive your attention and spare tire, which also should not have cracks and other damage that may occur due to temperature changes or old tire.
- Never change a wheel on a highway . Remember that changing the wheel on the highway, you risk to be in a serious accident . It is not uncommon, when many not experienced and aggressive drivers, overtake cars on the right, which in the end often leads to accidents. Believe you do not have time to escape. Therefore, we advise you in case of damage to the wheel to call emergency emergency assistance .
- Also, if you pierced the wheel and you have the opportunity to remove the car from the highway, then drive the car to a safe distance from the road and only in that case, change the wheel . If this is not possible, then, having called for help, do not stay in the car, but move away from it at a safe distance from it.
- Use a repair kit to repair puncture tires . Many auto shops and tire stores sell special kits for quick repair of tire punctures.
- Be sure to purchase them, even though there is a spare wheel . Remember that there are times when, when a wheel is punctured, you do not have the opportunity to lift a car with the help of a jack in order to install a spare tire.
- Please note that many modern cars in recent years have ceased to be equipped with spare wheels . As a rule, instead of them, the manufacturer completes the car with special repair kits that can eliminate the damage to the wheel.
- Such repair kits cannot repair many types of tire damage . Therefore, do not count on them. Still, the "reserve" a more reliable way to avoid problems on the road. Therefore, even if the manufacturer has not equipped the car with a spare wheel, we recommend purchasing the wheel yourself. And of course, remember that a pump or an electric compressor must be in the trunk of a car.
- Be careful when jacking the car . Replacing the wheel is associated with raising the car with a jack, which is inserted into a special groove or "pad". You risk that the car will either fall off the jack or move to the side.
You have not abandoned the idea to learn on their own, change the wheel? Not. Then proceed to the most important .
1) Make sure the car is on a firm and level surface.
Before you change the wheel, make sure that your machine does not fall off the jack . To do this, make sure that the car is on level ground or asphalt. Also note that under the wheels of the car there should not be uneven surface areas, bumps or stones that can disturb the process of raising the vehicle with a jack.
Including you must ensure that the surface under the machine is fairly solid. After all, lifting one side of the car, its weight is redistributed to other wheels and in the case of a soft surface, the car can shift and fall off the jack. For example, be careful when replacing a wheel in the sand or when there is dirt under the machine. In order to understand whether a car can move on a jack, it is necessary to slightly lift the car and shake it while watching the car and other wheels.
2) Check if you have a key to replace the wheels
Together with the spare wheel, you should also carry a wheel wrench with you, with which you can unscrew the wheel bolts . If you use secret bolts to protect the wheels from theft, then also do not forget to put a special key (secret) in the car that will not be on the road in a desperate situation, when no one can help you except the tow truck.
If, for some reason, you do not know if you have a wheel wrench for changing wheels (for example, you have just recently purchased a car), then it may be lying next to the spare wheel in the trunk, either in the glove compartment or in the side pockets of the doors.
3) Read the car manual
In order to understand where it is necessary to lean a special platform of the jack, study the instructions for the car in which, as a rule, the manufacturer indicates how to use the jack, and how to properly raise the car to replace the wheel . Including the guide to the car will tell you exactly where the special jack for the Best jack stand is located and how you can get the spare tire out of the car.
4) Make sure the car will not move
The very dangerous thing that can happen when replacing a wheel is the displacement of the car or if it starts to roll .First you need to raise the handbrake of the car, fixing the rear wheels.
Further, if your car is equipped with a manual transmission, you need to turn off the engine, put the box at first or reverse speed. If your vehicle is an automatic transmission one, then set the box to "P" mode - parking.
Many believe that it is enough to install the car on a “handbrake” to start lifting the car with a jack to replace the wheel. But it is not. The fact is that the handbrake only locks the rear wheels, while, like installing a gearbox, the front drive wheels will also block the speed (if your car is front wheel drive).
Also, having done all of the above, you need to manually lock the other wheels, placing something heavy under them that will prevent the wheel from moving. You can certainly put something heavy not under each wheel. It will be enough to put under the tire, which is diametrically opposed to the wheel being replaced.
That is, if you change the left front wheel , then you should definitely put something heavy under the right rear wheel to prevent the wheel from moving. It is desirable that you find bricks or stones and put them in front of and behind the wheel, thereby blocking it from both sides.
5) Loosen the wheel nuts.
Attention! This is a very important point . Before lifting the car with a jack, first of all, be sure to loosen the wheel bolts. That is, raising the car with a jack, you should effortlessly complete the process of unscrewing the bolts. In order to unscrew the nut or wheel bolt, remove the wheel wrench, install it on the fastener wheel.
It is likely that you will need to install the key so that you can put a foot or two legs on it to turn the key under the weight of your body. After the nut or bolt begins to move, you can manually loosen them further.
Most importantly, do not twist the wheel bolts, because for a start, your task is only to loosen them. The main thing that the wheels were still attached to the car and could not fly off when raising the car.
6) Find the jack in your car
As a rule, the jack is in the trunk, either near the spare wheel, or under it, or in a special box . Also, in some cases, the jack may be inside the cabin. Including there are also models of cars, where the jack is under the hood.
7) Find your car's spare tire
In addition to loosening the wheel bolts, before lifting the car with a jack, you need to remove the spare wheel from it . The fact is that when the machine is on a jack, you should not rock the machine to avoid it falling.
In most modern cars, the spare wheel is in the trunk. As a rule, the trunk floor rises and under it is a secured spare wheel. In many cars, the spare wheel is fixed. How to remove the spare tire from the car should be detailed in the manual for the car.
8) Install the jack correctly
Find the right place to install the jack . Remember that in each car there are special places on the body for this. As a rule, such places are located under the front or rear windows (behind the front and rear wheel arches). If you doubt and do not know exactly where to install the jack, read the manual for the car, in which everything is explained in detail.
9) Raise the car from the side where you change the wheel
Following the instructions in the manual, installing the jack, slowly lift the car . In some models of the jack for this you may need the same key that you unscrew the wheel bolts. Raising slowly the car, control the position of the jack under the car. If you see that the jack began to move, then lower the car and try to move it to a better position.
10) Remove the wheel with a punctured tire
Now it's time to remove the wheel from the hub . Using the wheel wrench, loosen the wheel bolts / nuts, but not all the way. Then slide the wheel off the hub. Be careful. Remember that the wheel weighs a lot and if you do not remove it carefully, you can damage your back from the severity. Next, remove the wheel bolts and remove the wheel completely from the car.
11) Install the spare wheel on the hub
As a rule, the wheel is mounted with four or five wheel bolts . Some models of cars have guides on the hub, along which you can easily hang the wheel on them and then insert the wheel bolts.True, many modern cars do not have such guides and therefore it will not be very easy to fix the spare wheel. You must lean the wheel against the hub and turn it so that it aligns the hole on the disc with the hole on the hub.
12) Secure the wheel
Align the holes in the drive, insert the wheel bolts and hand-tighten them . Do not use the wheel wrench.
13) Lower the car down
Note! Remember that you only need to tighten the wheel bolts after the car has to stand on four wheels .
14) Tighten the wheel
After lowering the car from the jack, proceed to tightening the wheel nuts / bolts . First, manually, as far as possible. Next, using the balloon key. For optimal bolt tightening, install the wheel wrench on the wheel bolt, use your foot and your body weight to spin the wheel as securely as possible. As a rule, it is necessary to do this stage of tightening the bolts several times.
15) Check security and hit the road.
Put the damaged wheel back into the car, removing the jack and wheel wrench in place . Do not forget to remove the bricks or stones from under the wheels that you placed to avoid the wheels from rotating while the machine is on the jack. Now your car is ready to continue on your way.
Remember that if the spare wheel comes from the factory, then it is usually not intended for full use on the car. Therefore, if you set the factory spare, do not accelerate above 60-70 km / h. In order to find out whether it is possible to accelerate on the spare wheel, pay attention to the labels on the spare tire.
Usually, the manufacturer indicates the warning labels. If you have not found such warnings, then refer again to the manual for the car, in which, for sure, there are recommendations on how fast you are allowed to move on the spare wheel .
If after replacing the wheel while driving, you will hear a recurring knock, then stop and use the wheel wrench to make sure that the nuts or bolts on the wheel that you installed are tight enough (as far as possible).
How to remove the smell of cigarette smoke in the car
Over time, after buying a new car, the smell of novelty in the cabin goes away and is replaced by the smell that comes from everyday use of the car. Unfortunately, the smell in the cabin is not so easy to remove. But fortunately, the modern chemical industry offers a variety of different tools that are available for purchase in auto shops and supermarkets, allowing you to remove odors from the interior. But not all odors are removed easily, even with the help of various cleaning products. For example, the biggest difficulty is to remove the smell of cigarette smoke from the interior of the car . If you smoke in a car, the smell of smoke can persist for a long time in the cabin.
How to remove of the smell of tobacco in the car, grandpa's ways
We offer you an interesting affordable way that will help you at no extra cost guaranteed to remove odors in the car. For many drivers who cannot quit smoking cigarettes, this smoke odor removal method is an excellent solution for removing unpleasant odors from a car. This method not only helps you to protect non-smoking passengers from the unpleasant smell of tobacco smoke, but also allows you to prepare the car for sale in the used market. After all, it is no secret that when selling a car, many buyers refuse to buy used cars from which they smoked .
The key concept for removing odors is adsorption. What is it? According to science, this chemical process, in which one substance, attracting to its surface, absorbs particles of another substance. What is the smell? This is a set of chemical particles in the air, which we perceive with our charm. Therefore, according to science, in order to remove an unpleasant odor in the air, it is necessary to adsorb chemical particles of an unpleasant odor with a chemical.
This is interesting: How to clean your car?
These days there are many different adsorbents. They all have their pros and cons. In this article, we invite you to find out the two most common absorbents that are most often used to remove odors.
1. Baking soda
It is the most common absorbent in the world. In addition to its distribution in cooking (for baking), soda perfectly removes any odors. There are two types of use of soda as an odor remover and any surface contamination. This use of soda in a dry or in liquid form.
Of course, it is preferable to use dry soda, because in this form, after cleaning it is easier to remove soda from the surface. But remember that baking soda in liquid form will help to clean heavily soiled surfaces. For example, using a rag and diluted soda in water, you can clean any surface. The remains of soda in the future can be removed with a vacuum cleaner.
However, there are some cons of using baking soda. The fact is that soda can enter into a chemical reaction-oxidation with some surfaces. For example, entering with some types of genuine leather, soda can damage the surface. Fortunately, this is rare, since these types of leather are used more often in light industry (for example, when sewing shoes or outerwear). Another disadvantage of soda is its color. After all, when cleaning the soda in the cabin can remain white particles of soda, which will not be easy to remove from hard to reach places. Soda is also an alkaline chemical element that, if it comes into contact with metal contacts, can cause accelerated corrosion.
Charcoal is the second popular chemical element after soda, which easily eliminates extraneous odors. Coal refers to colloidal substances. Colloids have a unique adsorbent property. Due to these properties, charcoal surprisingly effectively copes with the removal of extraneous unpleasant odors. This substance is excellent for cleaning black surfaces.